Ubuntu Desktop Computing Made Easy Part 1

Download your desired flavor of Ubuntu, burn the .iso file to a blank disk and then install it on your trusty computer. Next, update the operating system. Search for Software & Updates and launch the app. Under the Other Software tab check the two boxes for Canonical partners and reload when prompted. Once the changes have been made launch the Software Updater and install all available updates. After rebooting, in Software & Updates under the Additional Drivers tab, enable the appropriate one(s) for your system (if desired).
Ubuntu Desktop
Ubuntu Desktop http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
ahmadnurhadirmw - Download your desired flavor of Ubuntu, burn the .iso file to a blank disk and then install it on your trusty computer. Next, update the operating system. Search for Software & Updates and launch the app. Under the Other Software tab check the two boxes for Canonical partners and reload when prompted. Once the changes have been made launch the Software Updater and install all available updates. After rebooting, in Software & Updates under the Additional Drivers tab, enable the appropriate one(s) for your system (if desired).
Note: If you check the box to include 3rd party software during the installation this will give you most of the multimedia codecs you'll need (more are listed below). Some of the available drivers can produce undesired results when installing "Additional Drivers" (if in doubt ask or search on the forum). If you're installing Ubuntu within a virtual machine 3D Acceleration can cause application issues.

Gnome Users time for a little bit o' tweaking

Visit https://extensions.gnome.org click on the Installed extensions reference at the top of the page and turn on the desired options. My choices are typically Alternative Status Menu, Applications Menu, Places Status Indicator, Remove Rounded Corners (search for this one), Window List, Workspace Indicator and Weather (see below).

OpenWeather (search for this one too) will install without adding a repository:
if you choose Weather (by Neroth) you'll need to install the following PPA:

For Ubuntu 18-xx Only use:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome-shell-extensions
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell-extension-weather

For Ubuntu 10.xx-16.xx Use it:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome-shell-extensions
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell-extension-weather
Reboot and turn on Weather from the Installed extensions page at https://extensions.gnome.org/local

Email Clients

sudo apt-get install thunderbird spamassassin xul-ext-calendar-timezones xul-ext-lightning
Note: This page will help you setup SpamAssassin http://www.scls.info/technology/email/tb_junkfilter.html

Tools and Utilities

Synaptic Package Manager

sudo apt-get install synaptic

Cups-PDF for printing to PDF files

sudo apt-get install cups-pdf

Manage Users and Groups

sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools

Gufw the GUI interface for Uncomplicated Firewall

sudo apt-get install gufw

Transmageddon converts most multimedia formats

sudo apt-get install transmageddon

AceoneISO2 is a CD/DVD image manipulator (use with .iso files)

sudo apt-get install acetoneiso

Adaptive Readahead Daemon for faster application startup times

sudo apt-get install preload

Htop, SysInfo and HardInfo for system information and benchmarking

sudo apt-get install htop sysinfo hardinfo

Shutter for screen captures (VirtualBox users disable 3D Acceleration or your captures could be all in black)

sudo apt-get install shutter

Avidemux cross-platform video editor from the GetDeb repository

sudo apt-get install avidemux2.6-qt

File Compression and Extraction

sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar p7zip-rar p7zip zip unzip sharutils uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller

Antivirus

ClamAV

sudo apt-get install clamav clamtk clamav-daemon clamav-milter clamdscan clamfs 
Update virus definitions: sudo freshclam
Scan files in your home directory: sudo clamscan
Scan files in an entire directory: sudo clamscan -r /
Scan on the entire drive: sudo clamscan -r /

Image Viewing, Graphics Manipulation and Illustration

Pinta is a lot like MS Paint

sudo apt-get install pinta

Shotwell

sudo apt-get install shotwell

Inkscape for illustrations

sudo apt-get install inkscape

Dark Table

sudo apt-get install darktable

PhotoFilmStrip

sudo apt-get install photofilmstrip

Gimp for photo editing and graphics manipulation

sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-plugin-registry libtiff-tools gimp-help-en icc-profiles glew-utils gimp-help-common gmic gimp-gmic gmic-zart libtiff-opengl

Raw Therapee

sudo apt-get install rawtherapee libraw-bin ufraw ufraw-batch

Telnet, FTP, SSH, SFTP

gFTP basic FTP client

sudo apt-get install gftp

FileZilla for FTP/SSH/SFTP

sudo apt-get install filezilla

PuTTY telnet and SSH

sudo apt-get install putty

P2P Networking

Azureus

sudo apt-get install azureus

Gnutella

sudo apt-get install gtk-gnutella

Frostwire

from the GetDeb repository http://www.getdeb.net/updates/Ubuntu/
sudo apt-get install frostwire

Multimedia Players

Promoe

sudo apt-get install promoe

Kaffeine KDE Media Player

sudo apt-get install kaffeine

SMPlayer

sudo apt-get install smplayer

Audacious for streaming audio

sudo apt-get install audacious

Gnome MPlayer

sudo apt-get install gnome-mplayer

VLC plays a wide variety of multimedia files

sudo apt-get install vlc

Amarok is a powerful music player with an intuitive interface

sudo apt-get install amarok

Part 2 Of Ubuntu Desktop Computing Made Easy

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